Author Guidelines


IJABIM’s manuscript preparation and style guidelines follow, with a slight modification, documentation APA-6 Style.

The submission should contain all the data needed for unambiguous identification. With the author-date system, use the following format recommended by APA-6.



The manuscripts should be typed in A4 (210mm x 297mm), with 11-point Arial font and must be single line-spaced, except for indented quotations. The manuscript must be saved as a word file. All the pages, including tables, appendices, and references, should be serially numbered. Spell out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights and measures. For example three days; 3 kilometers; 30 years. All other numbers are expressed numerically. Authors are encouraged to use the IJABIM template. A sample template is included at the end of this document.



The manuscript must be written in good academic English. Spelling follows Webster’s International Dictionary. To ensure an anonymous review, the authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their papers. A single author should not use the word “we”. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their papers checked before submission for grammar and clarity.


Article Length

The article should be between 3000-5000 words. The allowable length of the manuscript is at the editor’s discretion; however, manuscripts with a length of less than or exceeding the specified word count may be returned to the author(s) for revision before the manuscript is considered by the editors. The word count excludes tables, figures, and references.



Plagiarism level less than 15%, no single source above 3%.


Title Page

Article Title

The title of the article should be specific and effective, and approximately 10-15 words and font Arial 15. Write an article title using simple and straightforward language that can offer readers a glimpse of the content with their first glance.


Author’s name and Affiliations

The full name of each author, the affiliation of each author at the time the research was completed and the address for each author including Complete address, post code, Country . Where more than one author has contributed to the article, please provide detailed information for the corresponding author(s). The ORCID ID of corresponding author is needed.



The abstract should stand alone, meaning that no citations are in the abstract. The abstract should concisely inform the reader of the manuscript’s purpose, its methods, its findings, and its value. The abstract should be relatively nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution. The manuscript’s title, but neither the author’s name nor other identification designations, should appear on the abstract page. An abstract, of no more than 200 words, should be presented in English only



Keywords are an important part of writing an abstract. Authors should select a maximum of 5-7 keywords that are specific and reflect what is essential about the article. Keywords and the article’s classification (JEL) should be provided after the abstract.


Main Article

Manuscripts submitted to this journal should have the following main headings:



What is the purpose of the study? Why are you conducting the study? The main section of the article should start with an introductory section which provides more details about the paper’s purpose, motivation, research methods and findings. The introduction should be relatively nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution. In this section, the author could discuss a literature review.



This section typically has the following sub-sections: sampling (a description of the target population, the research context, and units of analysis; sampling; and respondents’ profiles); data collection; and measures (alternatively: measurement).


Results & Discussion


The author needs to report the results in sufficient detail so that the reader can see which statistical analysis was conducted and why, and later to justify their conclusions.

Reporting results: The author may assume that the reader has a working knowledge of basic statistics (i.e., typically the contents covered in a 1st statistics course).



Different authors take different approaches when writing the discussion section. According to Feldman (2004:5), Perry et al. (2003: 658), and Summers (2001: 411412), the discussion section should: 1) Restate the study’s main purpose; 2) reaffirm the importance of the study by restating its main contributions; 3) summarize the results in relation to each research objectives or hypothesis, without introducing new material; 4) relate the findings back to the literature and to the results reported by other researchers; 5) provide possible explanations for any unexpected or non-significant findings; 6) discuss the managerial implications of the study; 7) highlight the main limitations of the study that could influence its internal and external validity; 8) and discuss insightful (i.e., non-obvious) directions or opportunities for future research related to the topic.



In this section, the author presents brief conclusions from the results of research with suggestions for advanced researchers or general readers. A conclusion may cover the main points of the paper, but do not replicate the abstract in the conclusion.


Limitation (optional)

Not only do authors write down the major flaws and limitations of their study, which can reduce the validity of the writing, thus raising questions from the readers (whether, or in what way), the limits in his studies may have affected the results and conclusions. Limitations require critical judgment and interpretation of the impact of their research. The author should provide the answer to the question: Is this a problem caused by an error, or in the method selected, or the validity, or otherwise?


The authors express gratitude  to  those  who  have  had  the  pleasure  to cooperate during this study or research


Declaration of Conflicting Interests

The authors have declared no   potential   conflicts   of   interest   concerning   the study, authorship, and/or publication of this article



In writing the article, the author(s) are suggested to use reference management tools (example: Mendeley, EndNote, or Zotero) in writing the citation and list of references. There is expectation the references is minimum 15 references from a good journals and sources. Authors may use some flexible terms for the subheading following the main heading. The structure is as below:

First level Subheading
Second level Subheading
Third level Subheading

Authors are encouraged to use the manuscript template that can be found at the bottom of this guideline (Journal Template).



The author must provide high-quality artwork for all illustrations. Poor resolution or definition are not acceptable. Tables and Figures should be numbered separately. (Table 1, Table 2; Figure 1, Figure 2). Each table and each figure should be given a title and should be presented in the manuscript. Figures and tables reproduced from already published work must be listed with permission from the original publisher (or copyright holder, if not the publisher). 

Note to all contributors (Please read):

  1. For all accepted manuscripts, the authors must sign an agreement for publication.
  2. Your manuscript must be PROFESSIONALLY COPYEDITED before you submit to the editor. Failure to do so may result in exclusion from the consideration.
  3. Please double check your in-text citation and references to avoid unused bibliography entries.
  4. Please follow APA 6 style citation and references that includes doi
  5. We do NOT publish footnotes/endnotes, but you may include them in regular text.
  6. We do NOT accept Microsoft auto interested in-text citation or references. It does not let us do formatting and developing print layout later. Please insert or fix them manually.
  7. We also do to accept tables/figures in landscape format with a high resolution e.g., 300 dpi
  8. All articles published in the journal are freely available to public. Editors strongly encourage you to order one print book (hard copy) as a small contribution of your readership/authorship. You will receive another email along with ordering information. Let us know if you have special request or questions related print copies.

Journal Template

2020-November 2021

December 2021